This includes detailed instruction and procedures to prevent dental disease. It includes advice on oral hygiene techniques; application of fissure sealants as a preventive measure; and topical fluoride to all teeth. This is very important for patients who more prone to gum disease or dental decay.


We have a dental nurse who is trained in topical fluoride application. This procedure involves applying topical fluoride to the areas of each tooth that are prone to decay. You will be given instructions that need to be followed before and after the procedure.


All our patients are given detailed instruction on how to effectively brush teeth using models for easy understanding. We also advise on various interdental cleaning aids to keep the areas of the teeth clean that are hard to reach by tooth brush. This is very important to prevent gum disease.



Night guards


Bruxism is a subconscious behaviour of grinding teeth while asleep. When a patient is diagnosed with bruxism, the most popular treatment is a night guard.



The mouthguard or night guard helps the patient prevent more damage to the teeth. The patient wears this during sleep so that it can absorb all the grinding and clenching forces. This custom-made dental night guard that the dentist prescribes is different from the sports mouthguard.



Please see the useful link from Oxford University Hospital


Sports guards


A sport mouth guard is an appliance that is prescribed to protect your teeth from being damaged from a physical blow to the face or an accident. A sport mouthguard is usually made with a thicker material and given its purpose; it is made to extend to cover the entire jaw, even the gum tissue so that the entire mouth can be protected.


This is highly recommended for children who participate in contact sports like football etc.



Tooth surface loss


One's teeth are subjected to a number of physical and chemical insults that damage the hard dental tissues. This destruction of hard dental tissues due to physical or chemical wear, or a combination of both, has been defined as tooth wear.


There are four main types of physical tooth wear mechanisms. These include attrition, abrasion, abfraction and erosion.


  1. Attrition is the physical wearing away of hard dental tissue due to tooth-to-tooth contact with no foreign substance intervening. Attrition can be caused by certain subconscious behaviour of the patient, particularly tooth grinding.
  2. Abrasion is the wearing away of hard dental tissue by mechanical processes involving foreign objects, or substances repeatedly introduced in the mouth and contacting the teeth. Using abrasive toothpaste, incorrect brushing technique, brushing teeth vigorously, or excessive flossing; personal habits, such as frequently putting foreign objects, such as a pen, in the mouth; and occupational exposure to abrasive particles are the main causes for abrasion.
  3. Abfraction occurs as a result of stress in the juncture of the tooth and root, leading to tooth flexure that causes tiny fractures in enamel and dentin. Stress that leads to tooth flexure can be caused by chewing or by tooth grinding.
  4. Erosion - The chemical dissolution of dental tissue can be caused by acid that is extrinsic, coming from items that are ingested, such as acidic food and beverages; or intrinsic, coming from acid produced by the cells in the stomach. Its destructive capabilities are especially severe, and significantly more so than dietary acid